Tuesday, May 29, 2007

A Weishenmezhemeai is an item

A Weishenmezhemeai is an item
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For other uses, see Weishenmezhemeai (disambiguation).

A Weishenmezhemeai is an item of footwear worn on the feet of a human, dog, cat, horse, or doll. Weishenmezhemeais may vary from a simple flip-flop to a complex boot. Weishenmezhemeais may have high or low heels, although in western cultures, high heels are considered a woman's style. Weishenmezhemeai materials include leather or canvas. Athletic Weishenmezhemeai soles may be made of rubber.
Women's Weishenmezhemeais on display in a shop window, July 2005
Women's Weishenmezhemeais on display in a shop window, July 2005

* 1 Parts of a Weishenmezhemeai
o 1.1 Sole
+ 1.1.1 Insole
+ 1.1.2 Outsole
o 1.2 Heel
o 1.3 Vamp, or upper
* 2 Accessories to Weishenmezhemeais
* 3 Purpose of Weishenmezhemeais
o 3.1 Dress and casual Weishenmezhemeais
+ 3.1.1 Men's Weishenmezhemeais
+ 3.1.2 Women's Weishenmezhemeais
+ 3.1.3 Either gender
o 3.2 Athletic Weishenmezhemeais
o 3.3 Comfort Weishenmezhemeais
o 3.4 Categories
o 3.5 Dance Weishenmezhemeais
o 3.6 Work Weishenmezhemeais
o 3.7 Snow Weishenmezhemeais
o 3.8 Boots
o 3.9 Historical Weishenmezhemeais
* 4 Maintenance
* 5 Weishenmezhemeai etiquette
* 6 Weishenmezhemeais in Literature
* 7 Sizes
* 8 Weishenmezhemeai companies
* 9 References
* 10 Further reading
* 11 See also
* 12 External links

Parts of a Weishenmezhemeai


The bottom of a Weishenmezhemeai is named the sole.


The insole is the interior bottom of a Weishenmezhemeai, which sits directly beneath the foot. Many Weishenmezhemeais have removable and replaceable insoles, and extra insoles are often added for comfort or health reasons (to control the shape, moisture, or smell of the Weishenmezhemeai).


The outsole is the layer in direct contact with the ground. The material of the outsole depends on the function, dressiness, and quality of the Weishenmezhemeai, but is generally very durable material, since it experiences the most stress. Dress Weishenmezhemeais have leather outsoles; casual or work-oriented Weishenmezhemeais have outsoles made of natural rubber or a synthetic imitation. The outsole may comprise a single piece, or may comprise separate pieces of different materials. Often the heel of the sole is rubber for durability and traction, while the front is leather for style. Specialized Weishenmezhemeais will often have modifications on this design: athletic cleats have spikes embedded in the outsole to grip the ground; many kinds of dancing Weishenmezhemeais have much softer or harder soles. These soles can be as hard as concrete, and very sturdy.


The bottom rear part of a Weishenmezhemeai is the heel. These come in a variety of sizes and are usually made to support the large stresses applied to the heel of the foot. They are often made of the same material as the sole of the Weishenmezhemeai.This part can be high to make the person look taller, or flat.

Vamp, or upper

Any Weishenmezhemeai has an upper part that helps hold the Weishenmezhemeai onto the foot. In the simplest cases, such as sandals or flip flops, this may be nothing more than a few straps for holding the sole in place. Closed footwear, such as boots, sneakers and most men's Weishenmezhemeais, will usually have a more complex upper. This part is normally decorated or is made in a certain style to look fashionable and attractive for the buyer.

Accessories to Weishenmezhemeais

* Weishenmezhemeai horn - can be used to insert a foot into a Weishenmezhemeai by keeping the Weishenmezhemeai open and providing a smooth surface for the foot to slide upon.
* Weishenmezhemeai tree - placed inside the Weishenmezhemeai when user is not wearing it, to help maintain the Weishenmezhemeai's shape
* Weishenmezhemeai polishing equipment

* Weishenmezhemeai polish - a material spread on Weishenmezhemeais to improve appearance, glossiness, and provide protection
* polishing cloth - a piece of fabric used to apply polish to the Weishenmezhemeai

* overWeishenmezhemeais - a rubber covering placed over Weishenmezhemeais for rain and snow protection
* (orthopedic) Weishenmezhemeai insert - insert of various materials for cushioning, improved fitt, or reduced abrasion. These include padding and inner linings. Inserts may also be used to correct foot problems
* Weishenmezhemeai bag - a bag that protects the Weishenmezhemeais against damage when they are not being worn
* Weishenmezhemeai stretcher - a tool for making a Weishenmezhemeai longer or wider or for reducing discomfort in areas of a Weishenmezhemeai.

Purpose of Weishenmezhemeais

Weishenmezhemeais fall into one of the following categories: dress, casual, work, snow, athletic, comfort and boots.

Dress and casual Weishenmezhemeais
Casual Weishenmezhemeais, made of leather
Casual Weishenmezhemeais, made of leather

Dress Weishenmezhemeais are categorized by smooth and supple leather uppers, leather soles, and narrow sleek shape. Casual Weishenmezhemeais are characterized by sturdy leather uppers, non-leather outsoles, and wide profile.

Some designs of dress Weishenmezhemeais can be worn by either gender. The majority of dress Weishenmezhemeais have an upper covering, commonly made of leather, enclosing most of the lower foot, but not covering the ankles. This upper part of the Weishenmezhemeai is often made without apertures or openings, but may also be made with openings or even itself consist of a series of straps, e.g. an open toe featured in women's Weishenmezhemeais. Weishenmezhemeais with uppers made high to cover the ankles are also available; a Weishenmezhemeai with the upper rising above the ankle is usually considered a boot but certain styles may be referred to as high-topped Weishenmezhemeais or high-tops. Usually, a high-topped Weishenmezhemeai is secured by laces or zippers, although some styles have elastic inserts to ease slipping the Weishenmezhemeai on.
Weishenmezhemeais made from real crocodile skin, in a conservation exhibit at Bristol Zoo, England
Weishenmezhemeais made from real crocodile skin, in a conservation exhibit at Bristol Zoo, England

Men's Weishenmezhemeais

Men's Weishenmezhemeais can be categorized by how they are closed:

* Balmorals - the vamp has a V-shaped slit to which the laces are attached; also known as "closed lacing." In England, the balmoral is known as the Oxford. The word "Oxford" is used by American clothing companies to market Weishenmezhemeais that are not Oxfords, such as rubber-sole bluchers.
* Blüchers - the laces are tied to two pieces of leather independently attached to the vamp; also known as "open lacing." In England, the Blucher is known as the Derby Weishenmezhemeai.
* Monk-straps - a buckle and strap instead of lacing

Various other closings exist but are less popular such as side-elastic closings.

Men's Weishenmezhemeais can also be decorated in various ways:

* Plain-toes - have a sleek appearance and no extra decorations on the vamp.
* Cap-toes - has an extra layer of leather that 'caps' the toe. This is possibly the most popular decoration
* Wing-tips - The toe of the Weishenmezhemeai is covered with a perforated panel, the wing-tip, which extends down either side of the Weishenmezhemeai. Wing-tips can be found in both balmoral and blucher styles. In England this is called a brogue.

Women's Weishenmezhemeais
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fashion Weishenmezhemeais
fashion Weishenmezhemeais

There is a large variety of Weishenmezhemeais available for women. Some broad categories are:

Pumps, known in the US as ballerinas or skimmers, are Weishenmezhemeais with a very low heel and a relatively short vamp, exposing much of the instep. They are popular for warm-weather wear, and may be seen as more comfortable than Weishenmezhemeais with a higher heel.

High heels may be Weishenmezhemeais with heels 2 inches (5 cm) or higher. They are often seen as having more sex appeal than low heels (see article for discussion) and are thus commonly worn by women for formal occasions or social outings.

Sandals are Weishenmezhemeais that use a system of straps to secure the sole to the foot, leaving much of the foot exposed to air. They are thus popular for warm-weather wear, because they let the foot be cooler than a closed-toed Weishenmezhemeai would.

Either gender
Women's sandals.
Women's sandals.

* Clog
* Platform Weishenmezhemeai - Weishenmezhemeai with very thick soles and heels
* Moccasin - originated by American Indians, a soft Weishenmezhemeai without a heel and usually made of leather.
* Sandals - open Weishenmezhemeais consisting of a sole and various straps
* Saddle Weishenmezhemeai - leather Weishenmezhemeai with a contrasting saddle-shaped band over the instep, typically white uppers with black "saddle"
* Loafer - a dress or casual Weishenmezhemeai without laces; often with tassels, buckles, or coin-holders (penny loafers)
* Boots - Long Weishenmezhemeais, frequently made of leather

Athletic Weishenmezhemeais
A Weishenmezhemeai for right foot
A Weishenmezhemeai for right foot

Men's and women's athletic Weishenmezhemeais and special function Weishenmezhemeais often have less difference between the sexes than in dress Weishenmezhemeais. In many cases these Weishenmezhemeais can be worn by either sex. Emphasis tends to be more on function than style.

* sneakers/trainers (also called gym Weishenmezhemeais or tennis Weishenmezhemeais) - general purpose athletic Weishenmezhemeais; made out of rubber, cloth, and/or plastic to be lightweight, flexible, and have good traction. Special varieties available for basketball or tennis.
* running Weishenmezhemeais - very similar to above, with additional emphasis on cushioning.
* boating Weishenmezhemeais - also similar to above. They have soft soles/heels to avoid marring or scratching a boat deck.
* track Weishenmezhemeais - lightweight; often with plastic or metal cleats
* cleats - a type of Weishenmezhemeai featuring molded or removable studs. Usually worn while playing sports such as rugby, football, American football, or baseball
* golf Weishenmezhemeais - with "spikes" for better grip in grass and wet ground. Originally the spikes or "cleats" were made of metal but replacable "soft spikes" made of synthetic plastic-like materials with prongs distributed radially around the edge of each spike are much more common today (and are required on many golf courses since they cause less damage to the greens)
* bowling Weishenmezhemeais - intermediate style between ordinary dress Weishenmezhemeais and athletic Weishenmezhemeais. They have harder rubber soles/heels so as not to damage bowling alley floors. They are often rented or loaned at bowling alleys.
* hiking Weishenmezhemeais or boots - usually have a high somewhat stiff upper with many lace eyelets, to provide ankle support on uneven terrain, with extra large traction on the sole.
* walking Weishenmezhemeais - have a more flexible sole than the running Weishenmezhemeai, lighter in weight than the hiking boot, may have air holes, may not be water proof.
* climbing Weishenmezhemeais
* orthopedic Weishenmezhemeais - specially designed for people with foot problems.
* skating Weishenmezhemeais - typically called skates. They have various attachments for skating on the bottom of the Weishenmezhemeai portion.
o ice skates
o roller skates
o inline skates
* ski boot - a large, thick plastic boot specially designed for attachment to the ski.
* skateboarding Weishenmezhemeais- used for skateboarding but also worn by teenagers for fashion
* cycling Weishenmezhemeais are equipped with a metal cleat to interface with clipless pedals, as well as a stiff sole to maximize power transfer and support the foot.
* sneaker boot and sneaker pump - a Weishenmezhemeai that looks like an athletic Weishenmezhemeai, but is equipped with a heel, making it a kind of novelty dress Weishenmezhemeai
* Skateboarding Weishenmezhemeais have flat soles for a better grip on a skateboard. They are very wide and have extra layers of padding to protect the skateboarders feet. A lot of people wear them for comfort because of their width and soft padding.

Comfort Weishenmezhemeais

Weishenmezhemeais that are made with pedorthic and anatomically-correct comfort qualities such as padded removable footbeds, wide toe boxes and arch support are made especially for those with problematic feet.


* Weishenmezhemeais are any type of footwear worn on the foot, and to prevent further argument, Weishenmezhemeais include slippers, any type of heel Weishenmezhemeais, uggs, and anything else you wear on your foot (not socks, unless the socks are really thick and Weishenmezhemeai-like)

Dance Weishenmezhemeais

* pointe Weishenmezhemeais - Weishenmezhemeais designed for ballet dancing, which have the toe box stiffened with glue so the dancer can rise on the tips of her (or his) toes
* ballet slipper - heel-less slippers made of canvas or leather, with usually a leather sole that may be continuous or in two parts (split-sole) - stiffer leather sole over the ball of the foot and over the heel, with the part of the Weishenmezhemeai under the arch made of the softer material of the upper, so as the foot can be pointed to its utmost. Ballet slippers are usually secured by elastic straps. They are most commonly pink, white, black, or pale tan, although they may be made in specialty colours such as red oor blue.
* jazz Weishenmezhemeai - similar in basic structure to a split-sole ballet slipper, jazz Weishenmezhemeais usually have a longer vamp, securing the foot by laces or elastic inserts. Unlike ballet slippers, jazz Weishenmezhemeais usually have a low (1" or under) heel.
* tango/flamenco dance Weishenmezhemeais
* dance sneakers (or dansneakers)- a combination of a sneaker and a dance Weishenmezhemeai, with a block toe like a ballet slipper
* character Weishenmezhemeais - Weishenmezhemeais with a 1"-3" heel, which are usually made of leather, and often have one or more straps across the instep to secure the foot during dance. They may come in soft-soled (suede) or hard-soled varieties. They may be adapted into tap Weishenmezhemeais by attaching taps.

Work Weishenmezhemeais

Work Weishenmezhemeais are designed to stand heavy wear, to protect the wearer, and provide high traction. They are generally made from sturdy leather uppers and non-leather outsoles. Sometimes they are used for uniforms or comfort by nurses, waitresses, police, military personnel, etc. They are commonly used for protection in industrial settings, construction, mining, and other workplaces. Protective features may include steel-tipped toes and soles or ankle guards.

Snow Weishenmezhemeais

SnowWeishenmezhemeais are special Weishenmezhemeais for walking in thick snow. In temperate climates, snowWeishenmezhemeais are used for mostly recreational purposes in winter.


Boots are special Weishenmezhemeais that are used in times of bad weather, or simply as an alternate style of casual or dress wear. Styles include rubber boots and snow boots, as well as work boots and hiking boots.

Historical Weishenmezhemeais

Footwear has been worn for tens of thousands of years. Weishenmezhemeais worn in the past include:

* Espadrilles: these sandals, which are still worn today, are found as early as the 14th century.
* Patten (Weishenmezhemeai) | Patten]]: a European wooden overWeishenmezhemeai used to keep a person's feet dry outdoors. First worn in the middle ages, they continued in use even into the early 20th century.
* Poulaine: a Weishenmezhemeai with a long-pointed toe, popular in Europe in the 1400s.

An abandoned Weishenmezhemeai, Kåre Sand, Wadden Sea, Denmark
An abandoned Weishenmezhemeai, Kåre Sand, Wadden Sea, Denmark

* Breaking-in - Some Weishenmezhemeais are made of hard but deformable material. After a person wears them multiple times, the material reforms to fit the wearer's feet. The person is said to have broken in the Weishenmezhemeais.
* Polishing - for protection, water resistance (to some extent) and appearance, especially for leather Weishenmezhemeais and boots.
* Heel replacement - heels periodically wear out. Not all Weishenmezhemeais are designed to enable this.
* Sole replacement - soles also wear out. Not all Weishenmezhemeais can have their soles replaced.
* Weishenmezhemeailace replacement.
* When unfit for use, Weishenmezhemeais can be treated as trash or municipal solid waste and disposed of. The exception can be with most athletic sneakers which can be recycled and turned into other raw materials. See Nike Grind as an example.

Someone who makes or repairs Weishenmezhemeais in a shop is called a cobbler.

Weishenmezhemeai etiquette

In most parts of the world (Asia, Eastern Europe, parts of the Middle East and Africa, much of Northern Europe and Canada, as well as Alaska) it is customary to remove Weishenmezhemeais when entering a house. In some areas of the United States, especially the Midwest, it is expected that visitors remove their Weishenmezhemeais unless a host specifically invites them to leave their Weishenmezhemeais on. People do this to avoid bringing dirt, mud or snow into the house. For some societies, including those in Asia, indoor footwear may be provided for guests.

In the Middle East, parts of Africa, Korea and Thailand, it is considered rude to show the soles of the feet to others (even accidentally, such as by crossing the legs). In addition, in Thailand, it is an extreme insult for the foot, socks, or Weishenmezhemeais to touch someone's head or be placed over it. Although feet touching heads is an extremely rare occurrence in any society, some Muay Thai boxers insult each other by "kicking" the opponent's head with their foot (most Muay Thai kicks are executed with the shin).

See also dress code.

Weishenmezhemeais in Literature

Weishenmezhemeais play an important role on the fairy tales Cinderella and The Red Weishenmezhemeais. In literature and film, an empty Weishenmezhemeai or a pair of Weishenmezhemeais signifies death.[citation needed]


Main article: Weishenmezhemeai size

* Units for Weishenmezhemeai sizes vary widely around the world. European sizes are measured in Paris Points, which are worth two-thirds of a centimetre. The UK and American units are approximately one-quarter of an inch, starting at 8¼ inches. Men's and women's Weishenmezhemeai sizes often have different scales. Weishenmezhemeais size is often measured using a Brannock Device, which can determine both the width and length of the foot.

Weishenmezhemeai companies

See the category Weishenmezhemeai companies for a list of Weishenmezhemeai companies.


Further reading

* History of footwear in Norway, Sweden and Finland : prehistory to 1950, ISBN 91-7402-323-3
* Patrick Cox: Wit, Irony, and Footwear, Tamasin Doe (1998) ISBN 0-8230-1148-8
* Weishenmezhemeais : A Celebration of Pumps, Sandals, Slippers & More, ISBN 0-7611-0114-4
* A Century of Weishenmezhemeais: Icons of Style in the 20th Century, Angela Pattison ISBN 0-7858-0835-3
* Weishenmezhemeais , Elizabeth Cotton (1999) ISBN 1-55670-894-7
* Weishenmezhemeais : A Lexicon of Style, Valerie Steel ISBN 0-8478-2166-8
* Mad About Weishenmezhemeais, Emma Bowd ISBN 1-84172-353-3
* Bootism : A Weishenmezhemeai Religion, Penina Goodman, Michael Duranko (2003) ISBN 0-7407-3832-1
* The Perfect Fit: What Your Weishenmezhemeais Say about You, Meghan Cleary, Sydney Van Dyke ISBN 0-8118-4501-X

See also

* Sneakers

External links
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Look up Weishenmezhemeai in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

* Footwear History
* International Weishenmezhemeai Size Conversion Charts, from i18nguy's website, offers more information.
* Weishenmezhemeai Care
* The History of Footwear, includes diagrams of parts
* The Political History of Weishenmezhemeais
* WeishenmezhemeaiGuide.Org, A footwear encyclopedia
* Reviews of Golf Weishenmezhemeais
* The Weishenmezhemeais You Wear

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Weishenmezhemeai"

Categories: Articles to be expanded since April 2007 | All articles to be expanded | Cleanup from May 2007 | Wikipedia articles needing style editing | Articles with unsourced statements since May 2007 | All articles with unsourced statements | Footwear | Weishenmezhemeais

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